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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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The study investigated the socioeconomic impact of coronavirus lockdown in Ibewa community, Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area, Rivers State. The socio-ecological resilience theory served as the theoretical framework while the cross-sectional design was used for the study. Both probability (stratified, simple random) and non-probability(purposive) sampling techniques were used for the sampling procedures. Quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (Seven focus groups) were used in...
Topics: coronavirus, lockdown, indigent households, palliative, resilience, socioeconomic wellbeing
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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In the time of Corona Virus also known as 'Covid-19', the World Health Organization (WHO) graded the situation as a "pandemic". One of the measures set out in order to contain the disease by all the countries is what they refer to as "social distancing". The term “social distancing” is misleading. What is being actually proposed relates to physical distancing, and deserves to be so described. A more accurate expression "physical distancing," best combined as...
Topics: Covid-19, social distancing, pandemic, physical distancing
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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Insurgencies and other security challenges have caused significant setbacks for sustainable development in Kaduna state. This study assesses the role of the Kaduna state government in managing the security challenges within the state. In this study, significant factors that affects the management of security and its challenges as well as the disposing conditions were critically analyzed. The objective of the study was to examine the managerial effort of the government in tackling security...
Topics: Government, Kaduna State, management, security challenge, insecurity, sustainable development
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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This paper examines the complexity of achieving economic growth simultaneously with low carbon transition in Nigeria. Nigeria’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) seeks to carry out far-reaching cuts capable of reducing the scale of pollution recorded in the country. But the ratification of the agreement also works at cross-purposes with Vision 20:20 and the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP) since these development blueprints are heavily reliant on fossil fuels. Qualitative data...
Topics: biomass, climate-smart agriculture, food sufficiency economy, low carbon, NDC, renewable energy
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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In spite of the robust provisions of the ECOWAS convention for the control of small arms and light weapons (SALW) in West Africa, Nigeria which is a leading Member State has been experiencing daunting challenges to personal human security posed by the large-scale availability of SALW. Although Nigeria has made some efforts towards the implementation of the Convention, the status of the country in that regard has not been clear. This paper sought to examine the nature of the implementation of...
Topics: convention, ECOWAS, national commission, Nigeria, PRESCOM, SALW
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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The Non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which is one of the world’s most widely adopted security conventions, which also proved to be one of the most controversial treaty. Its provisions define the core bargain between those few Nuclear weapon states and numerous NonNuclear weapon states. The paper examines the NPT and undertakes an excursus on the dangers posed to the international nuclear control effort by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Using secondary sources of...
Topics: disarmament international politics, non-nuclear proliferation treaty, North Korea, nuclear states
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Social Science and Humanities (OJSSH) ISSN: 2734-2077
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Terror and wars are not recent events as they had always existed with mankind since creation. According to Charles Darwin, in his concept of “survival of the fittest,” only the strong survive and this statement had gone ahead overtime to prove its validity both domestically and the world over. Although wars are not new, their effects (especially social effects) such as the effect on religion, destruction of social networks and support, functional impairment, conduct disorder (deviance),...
Topics: conduct disorder, functional impairment, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), terrorism, young...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Social Science and Humanities ISSN: 2734-2077
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The purpose of this paper was to present a comprehensive review of sexual violence against women and the victims’ susceptibility to emotional distress and sexual dysfunction. A total of 50 cases of rape victims and rape statistics report were gathered from secondary sources of information. From the retrospective description of some victims’ traumatic experiences, the picture of their negative emotions and grief were carefully analyzed and explanation provided on their exposure to...
Topics: Psychosocial distress, Rape, Women, Sexual violence, Victims’ susceptibility, Sexual-dysfunction
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Physical Science (OJPS) ISSN: 2734-2123
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The obligee and obligor of all cost-related commitments in construction contracts are governed by the conditions of contract. Like in all human engagements, risk is inevitable in construction contracts. This exploratory overview examined residual risks associated with payment provisions in Federation Internationale Des Ingenieurs-Consiels (FIDIC) and Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) conditions of contract in Nigerian construction industry. The selected payment provisions were advance payment,...
Topics: : conflicts, contractors, construction contracts, FIDI, JCT, payments, quantitative survey
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Physical Science (OJPS) ISSN: 2734-2123
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In this study, the adsorption and corrosion inhibitive properties of ethanol extract of Dialium guineense leaves for mild steel in 0.5M HCl was studied using gravimetric method. The results obtained showed that the ethanol extract of Dialium guineense leave is a good adsorption inhibitor of Mild Steel in 0.5M HCl. The inhibition efficiency was found to increase with increase in the concentration of ethanol extract of Dialium guineense leave but decreased as the temperature increases. The...
Topics: corrosion rate, Dialium guineense, inhibitor efficiency, Langmuir isotherm, mild steel
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Physical Science (OJPS) ISSN: 2734-2123
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Several studies showed the interesting properties of trivalent lanthanide ions when doped in various types of phosphor. Magnesium sulfoborate phosphor doped with different concentrations of Dy3+ were synthesized using solid-state reaction method at 850 °C for 4 hours. The samples were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The excitation and luminescence properties of MgO-SO4-B2O3:Dy3+ were determined. The emission spectrum of Dy3+ ion doped MgO-SO4-B2O3 phosphor exhibit three bands at 480...
Topics: Magnesium Sulfoborate, Phosphors, White LEDs, Luminescence properties
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Physical Science (OJPS) ISSN: 2734-2123
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Improving the optical response of glass host with two or more strong network formers via suitable controlled of rare earth ions is the key issue in the fabrication of optical based glass for solid state lasers and light emitting devices. Hence, we report the Nd3+ concentration dependent on optical parameters such as absorption edge, optical band gap (direct and indirect) and Urbach’s energy of gadolinium borophospho-tellurite glasses with chemical composition of 10Gd2O + 30B2O3 + 20P2O5 +...
Topics: absorption spectra, borophospho-tellurite glasses, Neodymium ions, optical band gap and Urbach’s...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Management Science (OJMS) ISSN: 2734-2107
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Information Communication Technology has generally been acclaimed as an important tool exploited by medium and large-scale enterprises for boosting profitability and enhancing viability. Though Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) constitutes a major percentage of businesses in most countries, their ICT adoption rate is still low. This study examined the role of ICT as a tool that SMEs can deploy for the economic development of Nigeria. A questionnaire was employed and administered to a...
Topics: adoption, economy, ICT, investment, SME, Nigeria
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Management Science (OJMS) ISSN: 2734-2107
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Information and communications technology (ICT) in recent times has become a viable strategic policy option adopted by many businesses in order to compete favorably in a competitive and dynamic ICT driven market. This strategic move by business organizations is being hindered by some challenges which has invariably reduced the benefits accruable from ICT deployment for business operations especially in the inventory management. Primary data formed the methodology of the study. Descriptive and...
Topics: efficiency, ICT challenges, inventory management system, inventory, performance
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Management Science (OJMS) ISSN: 2734-2107
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This study was carried out to determine the effect of financial leverage on the financial performance, using secondary data obtained from the annual reports of 7 quoted Oil and Gas firms in Nigeria, and the Nigerian stock exchange (NSE) daily official lists over the period 2005- 2016. Descriptive statistics such as mean, median, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skewness and kurtosis were used in data presentation, while random effects panel estimator is applied in...
Topics: financial leverage, financial performance, Nigeria, oil & gas, random effects model, return on...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Management Science (OJMS) ISSN: 2734-2107
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Developments and rapid changes in the international community, moving from traditional society to the information society, as well as changing the national economy to the global economy, require different solutions to enable economic growth and development in society. In fact, entrepreneurship, which is the concept of the discovery and exploitation of opportunities for value creation in the various sectors, is the basis for an all-round development. For this reason, to develop the countries pay...
Topics: economic growth, education, entrepreneurship, human capital, panel data
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Multinational construction companies settled in African countries, especially Nigeria, to compete for infrastructural projects, in a bid to extend their services across their borders. The trans-border extension of the services offered by these multinationals exposes them to the political risk factors pertinent within the host-country. In order to survive the harsh realities of the political risk indicators operational in Nigeria, especially the North-eastern part of the country that has been...
Topics: Boko Haram, corporate performance, Northeast Nigeria, political risk, international construction...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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The aim of this research was to investigate the possible effects of white and red table wine on the brain using Wister rats. Twenty-four (24) Wister rats weighing an average of 193g were purchased and identified at the zoological department of the University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. The rats were randomly assigned to four groups of six rats each. Red wine (12% alcoholic content), white wine (12% alcoholic content), ethanol+H2O (12%) and distilled water (control), were administered orally and...
Topics: alcohol, brain, cholesterol, white wine, red wine, homogenate, Wister rats, Thiobarbituric acid
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Due to the availability and frequent use of x-ray machine in the diagnoses of diseases and treatment of diseases in most of our hospitals and radio-diagnostic centers in Nigeria, the need to assess the quality control parameters and level of compliance of the x-ray machines cannot be over emphasized. The purpose of this research is to compare the result of four Quality Control test parameters of government (G1and G2), mission (M1 and M2) and private owned (P1and P2) x-ray machines of the...
Topics: comparison, government, mission, private, quality control parameters, x-ray machines
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The prevalence of sickle cell anaemia has been shown to be on the increase in Nigeria. Therefore, preventive measures such as premarital genotype screening have been proposed as one of the ways of reducing the scourge of the disease. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the knowledge and attitude of women of child bearing age in Kuma Akko Local Government Area of Gombe State towards premarital genotype screening. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional design. A total of 296...
Topics: attitude, knowledge, perception, premarital genotype screening, sickle cell anaemia
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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Inflammation and endothelial dysfunction have been known to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. As such, examining the levels of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction is very critical to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study aimed to investigate the progression of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction among CKD patients in Sokoto. A total of 67 CKD patients were divided into 5 groups based on the stages of...
Topics: cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, endothelial dysfunction, glomerular filtration...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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Cervical cancer (CC) has been identified as a leading cause of cancer-related death of women in Nigeria. Unfortunately, treatment for CC induces renal function injury due to nephrotoxicity of commonly used cytotoxic medications and radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine whether radiotherapy consistently impairs the renal function of cervical cancer patients after treatment as claimed by literature. The study was an ex post facto research, for retrospective evaluation of documented...
Topics: Cervical Cancer, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, Renal Function
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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The human lip is a highly visible aesthetic feature due to its positioning on the face, therefore, laceration of the lip may be viewed as a form of cosmetic deformation. This study is aimed at evaluating the prevalence level of lip laceration among Delta State University undergraduates in Abraka, Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed with data obtained via self-administered questionnaire. Respondents were Undergraduates of Delta State University, Abraka, and aged 15-30...
Topics: Age, Laceration, Lip, Prevalence, Gender
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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Anxiety is recognized as a potential risk factor for false-positive result derived from radiological image. This study investigated patients’ anxiety levels on exposure to computer tomography and experience of claustrophobia. The study adopts a correlation research design. A total of 96 patients made-up of 49 males (50%) and 47 females (48%) subjects undergoing CT scan examination at the Radiology Department of Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi was recruited for this study....
Topics: Anxiety levels, Claustrophobia, Computer Tomography, False-positive result, Patients
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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The study assesses perception of coronavirus as an existential and conformance to social distance among citizens in Benue state. A total of 343 participants comprised of 187(54.5%) males and 157(45.8%) females. Participants responded to a self-developed questionnaire which has a Cronbach alpha coefficient was.76. The study was a correlational research design. Results, shows there is a significant positive correlation between conformists’ perception of coronavirus as an existential threat and...
Topics: Coronavirus, Existential threat, Social distance, Conformist group, Oppositional group
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Medical Research (OJMR) ISSN: 2734-2093
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A drone is an aircraft controlled from a distance without a human pilot onboard using devices ingrained with software flight protocols. Outside the military, it lately just started to reach the relevancy of conventional businesses. The healthcare sector is an industry where this capacity is needed particularly in a pandemic in providing a responsive healthcare service in a contact-free manner. Also, delivery of blood supplies, vaccines, medications and other medical supplies to rural areas with...
Topics: Drones, Healthcare delivery, Medical importance, Pandemic
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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The high yielding of oil pam fibre reinforced composite (OPFC) to fire has necessitated research to improve and develop fire retardants (FR) to mitigate the spread of fire. Researchers relied on Flame Retardants (FR) classified as either halogenated or non-halogenated based FR to improve the performance of composites with emphasis on flammability properties (FP). The main object of this paper is to evaluate the effect of six non-halogenated FR species in OPFC to meet required fire safety...
Topics: ammonium polyphosphate, flammability properties, flame retardants, gum arabic, oil palm, fibre,...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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Composite laminates have distinct interface comprising reinforcements from both synthetic or natural sources and polymers which make them favourable in the world of composites due to the intrinsic benefits they possess. Composite laminates from natural sources have shown to be highly susceptible to flame and have been improved by the addition of flame retardants (FR) during processing. The effect of the FR on the mechanical behaviour of these composite laminates is quite unclear and has not...
Topics: composite laminates, flame retardant, failure assessment, oil palm fibre, tensile properties, wood...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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Unreliability and interruptions facing power supply are evidence of the excessive heat generated in power systems, as a result of the inefficiency of oil cooling medium employed in distribution transformers. The design and implementation of a prototype automatic temperature control system is to be employed as a method towards solving the above stated problem of excessive temperature rise in distribution transformers. The prototype design consists of a PIC microcontroller programmed in C...
Topics: cooling, distribution transformers, heat, prototype, PIC microcontroller, temperature control system
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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Biodiesel is a renewable, clean-burning, and biodegradable fuel which can be synthesized from readily available domestic and natural sources, such as edible, non-edible and waste cooking oils, which may serve as a substitute to petro-diesel. It is produced by catalytic transesterification of fats and oils. A number of researches has been devoted to discovering a benign catalyst, especially heterogeneous acid catalyst that could convert non-edible and waste cooking oils with high free fatty acid...
Topics: biodiesel, catalysts, oil, petro-diesel, reusability, roles, synthesis
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) though in its development stage, has been of interest to Scientists receiving considerable attention in recent years as a promising material capable of developing high performance photovoltaic devices at low cost. Owing to their solution processability, broad spectrum solar absorption, low non-radiative recombination losses, etc., PSCs provide numerous advantages over most thin film absorber materials. Due to the substantial improvement of Power Conversion...
Topics: cell, device, efficiency, film, materials, Perovskites, phase, photovoltaic, solution, structure
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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Reservoir fluid properties are very important in reservoir engineering computations such as material balance calculation, well test analysis, reserves estimate and numerical reservoir simulations. Ideally, these properties should be obtained from laboratory pressurevolume-temperature (PVT) analysis. Quite often, however, these measurements are either not available, or very costly to obtain. In such cases, empirically derived correlations are used to estimate the needed properties, all...
Topics: analysis, differential liberation test, gas-oil ratio, PSO, PVT, correlations, reservoir fluid...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Engineering Science (OJES) ISSN: 2734-2115
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To effectively evaluate a gas condensate reservoir performance, the reservoir engineer must have a reasonable amount of knowledge about the reservoir to adequately analyze the reservoir performance and predict future production under various modes of operation. Due to the multiphase flow that exists in the reservoir, characterization of gas condensate reservoirs is often a difficult task with the variation of its overall composition in both space and time during production which complicates...
Topics: gas condensate performance, MBal, dew point temperature, liquid loading, temperature, pressure
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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The present work was conducted by monitoring the water from twelve major tin mine ponds water in Plateau State, North Central Nigeria (Bokkos, Barkin – Ladi and Jos – South) used for irrigation. The quality was assessed in terms of physico-chemical parameters for dry and rainy seasons. Their physico-chemical parameters such as; Turbidity, pH, Temperature, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total...
Topics: contamination, irrigation, mining, ponds, Tin
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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There are thirty-five (35) metals with public health implications due to occupational or residential exposure; twenty-three (23) of these are called heavy elements or metals. They are Antimony, Arsenic, Bismuth, Cadmium, Cerium, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper, Gallium, Gold, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Platinum, Silver, Tellurium, Thallium, Tin, Uranium, Vanadium, and Zinc. Interestingly, minute amount of these elements are common in our environment and diet and are actually necessary for...
Topics: heavy metal, pollutant, water, sediments, Osun river
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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The contamination of the environment with heavy metals is one of the challenges that constitute Nigeria’s environmental problem with urbanization being one of the major causes; due to the unavailability of proper waste dumpsites and landfills for infrastructural development thereby resulting in the polluting rivers and streams. The cultivation of vegetables along channels and rivers that transcend major cities have been a source of concern globally in recent decades due to accumulation of...
Topics: Assessment, accumulation, heavy metals, irrigation, Okra (Abelmoschus esclentus)
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Cassava processing is an industry common to most West African countries as well as in other tropical countries of the world. The processing of cassava is known for its high consumption of water resources. This study therefore investigates the potential for cassava processing water conservation using combined peroxide-oxidation and adsorption recycling processing technology. A Sequential Peroxide-Oxidation and Adsorption treatment process was established by producing cassava peel carbon and...
Topics: activated carbon, Cassava processing, oxidation, wastewater, water budget
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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This study investigated the compost quality of sericulture waste on the growth of Anogeissus leiocarpus using two composting methods. The two-method adopted were M1 (pile method) and M2 (bin method). Sericulture waste which includes mulberry leaves and silkworm excreta were air dried for 24hours, measured (1 kg) and set in layers for both methods adopted. Samples of compost from each method were taken before planting to the laboratory for proximate analysis. Descriptive statistics and analysis...
Topics: Anoigesus leiocarpus, Compost, Growth, proximate, Sericulture
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This study examined the histopathological alterations in the gills, fillet and liver of Hemichromis fasciatus in Igun reservoir (located in an abandoned goldmine area) compared to those of Opa reservoir. Life fish species were collected from Opa and Igun reservoirs and identified in the laboratory. Techniques based on histological analyses were done on the organs and photomicrographs taken using digital binocular compound LED microscope. Epithelial lifting and hypertrophy of lamellae were...
Topics: gills, fillet, liver, Hemichromis fasciatus, histopathology, reservoir
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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This paper examines the relationship between El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and rainfall patterns in Nigeria. Annual rainfall totals, growing season rainfall totals and annual raindays of 27 Nigerian meteorological stations with varying lengths of records from 1903 to 2012 were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET). Monthly Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) anomalies data over Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) were obtained from Climatic...
Topics: drought, models, Nigeria, rainfall pattern, regression, sea surface temperatures
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Environmental Research (OJER) ISSN: 2734-2085
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Anthropogenic nexus of environmental change is a vital issue in flood control and hazard management. While it is true that some will loom in flood and others in drought, it is no longer valid to argue the authenticity of climate change. Though climate change alters our physical veracities, the problem of yearly flooding is more a human than a natural one in Taraba State. This paper provides technical proof of anthropogenic impression in the incessant flooding in the area. Both spatial and...
Topics: Anthropogenic, Climate change, Encroachment, Flood, and Land use change
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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Structural Equation Model (SEM) is a multivariate statistical technique that has been explored to test relationships between variables. The use of SEM to analyze relationship between variables is premised on the weak assumption of path analysis, regression analysis and so on; that variables are measured without error. This review thus sheds light on the meaning of SEM, its assumptions, steps and some of the terms used in SEM. The importance of item parcelling to SEM and its methods were briefly...
Topics: Item parcelling, path analysis, relationships, structural equation model, variables
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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The lagging performance of students in science and mathematics in West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) points to a serious challenge requiring the intervention of the government, as we know; education is the bedrock of any nation. The application of ICT tools in teaching science and mathematics in Nigeria can be said to have minimally improved student performance in recent times. Though the government of Nigeria has made a laudable effort in these regards; it has little...
Topics: ICT, Mathematics, Nigeria, Teachers, Science, Secondary Education
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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Good spatial ability skills are an important component of an engineer’s ability to create and interpret engineering drawings, which is demanding in thinking, being a problem-solving process. The ability of an engineer to visualize in 3D is a cognitive skill that is attached to success in basic engineering drawing subjects. Engineering and technology education students need good spatial ability skills to understand several topics in basic engineering drawings like orthographic projection,...
Topics: engineering drawing, enhancement, skills, solid pair model, spatial ability
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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The study was carried out with the purpose of assessing school record management in FCT secondary schools. Record management is the area of administrative management that is concerned with achieving economy and efficiency in the creation, maintenance, use and disposal of records of an organization throughout its life cycle. Implementing good record management practices in schools would provide information for educational planners and administrators, serves as historical source for documenting...
Topics: adolescents, attitude, level, Nigeria, parents, secondary school, sex education, stakeholders
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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The quality of teachers in Nigerian education sector has been a source of concern to stakeholders in recent time given that every nation strives towards the provision of quality education for its citizens in realization that education is an essential means to consolidate the nation’s developmental progression. The importance of teachers to the socio-economic development of any nation cannot be overemphasized given that teachers are the most important factor in quality education and...
Topics: teacher, teacher education, output, educational system, Nigeria.
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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This paper critically looked at the crisis generated by the teachers’ competency test in the Kaduna state. Which agitates for the reform of the educational sector in Nigeria. The article strongly supported the need for such reforms nevertheless, faulted the procedural executions which encompassed the Kaduna state Teachers’ Competency Test on the basis of some fundamental issues. The main issue of lack of standard in Nigeria education system was a concern for this paper. This paper reviewed...
Topics: competency test, curricula, education reform, sustainable development, teacher education.
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Educational Development (OJED) ISSN: 2734-2050
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This study investigated the level of awareness of sex education among secondary school adolescents in Niger state, to assess the level of the already initiated comprehensive sex education program by the federal ministry of health. The study utilizes an empirical survey design. In order to obtain data for the research, stratified random and judgmental sampling technique were adopted. The instrument used to elicit information from the respondents was a well-structured questionnaire. Result from...
Topics: adolescents, attitude, level, Nigeria, parents, secondary school, sex education, stakeholders
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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This study was carried out to determine the frequency and antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacterial agents associated with diabetic patients attending out-patients Department in Plateau Specialist Hospital Jos. Wound swabs and pus were collected from the wounds of 251 out-patients’ department (OPD) over a 14 months’ period. Subjects were recruited upon approval by the Ethical Research Committee of the UCTH and after obtaining written or oral informed consent from the subject. Samples...
Topics: Antimicrobial resistances, prevalence, wounds infections, Jos.
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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This study was conducted to evaluate some aspects of the reproductive biology of the African Bonytongue Heterotis niloticus from the Great Kwa River, Cross River State Nigeria with the view to encourage conservation and rational measures for sustainable management of the species. A total of 62 matured H. niloticus were sampled and their gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI), condition factor, fecundity and egg diameter (mm) were studied in other to determine the spawning season...
Topics: fecundity, egg, gonadosomatic index, Great Kwa River, Heterotis niloticus, hepatosomatic index
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii. It is reported that one third of the world’s population is infected with the parasite. T. gondii represents the risk of miscarriages and congenital abnormalities in pregnancy. This study was carried out to ascertain the sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in three major Health Centres in Jos North Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria. Three hundred and eight four (384)...
Topics: antenatal clinics, Jos pregnant women, T. gondii, Toxoplasmosis, seroprevalence
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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Phenol is mainly used by the industries to produce a variety of chemical products such as resins, textiles, pesticides, plastics and explosive. The wide use of phenol and other phenolic compounds by industries, has resulted in an increased presence of these toxic compounds in the environment as pollutants. Bio-removal of phenol by microorganisms especially bacteria has been demonstrated to be the most effective and economical approach compared to physio-chemical methods. The search for...
Topics: bio-removal, pH, temperature phylogeny, phenol, 16s rRNA
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This study examined the effect of different concentrations of bonny light crude oil on the development and growth of the tadpoles of the crowned bullfrogs. After series of range finding tests (RFT) the tadpoles of H. occipitalis were exposed to acute and sub-lethal log concentrations of 0.00 ppm, 1.00 ppm, 1.30 ppm, 1.48 ppm, 1.60 ppm, 1.65 ppm and1.69 ppm of different fractions of bonny light crude for 96 hours. The various fractions of crude recorded no significant differences in mortalities...
Topics: water soluble fraction (WSF), water insoluble fraction (WIF), whole crude (WC), Hoblobatrachus...
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The effects on haematological parameters of Sprague-Dawley rats infected (challenged) by the injection of pathogenic Pasteurella multocida and the administration of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus (ATCC™ 1534) as therapy, occasioned by the consideration of its use as an alternative to antibiotics, due to the high rate of bacterial resistance to current clinically used antibiotics was investigated. A total of 60 rats, divided into 5 groups (4 experimental groups and 1 control group) of 12 rats each...
Topics: bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, control, haematological, Pasteurella multocida, rats
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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Solar Disinfection (SODIS) has been identified as a relatively cheap method of purifying water against pathogens, therefore providing potable drinking water, an essential component upon which living systems and the human body depends. In this study, the antimicrobial efficacy of solar disinfection of selected drinking well water was studied. A total of thirty (30) wells was randomly sampled from six (6) local government areas in Benin City, based on accessibility and communal usage. The well...
Topics: Antimicrobial, Benin City, Bottles, Coliforms, Disinfection, Efficacy, Fecal, Pathogens, PET,...
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May 31, 2021 Open Journal of Bioscience Research (OJBR) ISSN: 2734-2069
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The closing order of superior and inferior teeth whilst chewing or at relaxation is termed dental occlusion. Literature exploration divulged want of information on dental occlusion among the Urhobos in Delta State, Nigeria. The endeavour of this work was to consider varied dental occlusion patterns and explore gender variation in dental occlusion patterns amongst the Urhobo tribal cluster in Abraka, Nigeria. Totality of 384 citizens (200 females and 184 males) who were within 15-30 years age...
Topics: Dental, Nigeria, Occlusion, Pattern, Urhobos
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Diabetes mellitus develops either due to insufficient insulin secretion or lack of insulin resulting from damaged pancreas beta cells. Dyslipidaemia is an acute complication in diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the extenuating effects of T. cattapa leaves and P. americana seed aqueous extracts on streptozotocin-induced lipids profile perturbation and pancreatic damage in experimental rats. Thirty male albino rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 5). Group 1:...
Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Dyslipidaemia, Persia americana seed, Streptozotocin, Terminalia catappa leaves
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Agricultural Science (OJAS) ISSN: 2734-214X
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This study analyzed the profitability and determinants of groundnut production in Dambatta Local Government Area of Kano state. Multistage sampling technique was used in collecting data from eighty (80) respondents in the study area. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics, farm budgeting model and regression analysis. The results revealed that the gross margin and net farm income of the farmers were N71400/ha and N59400/ha respectively. Also, the fixed and operating...
Topics: Constraints, determinants, groundnut, productivity, profitability
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Agricultural Science (OJAS) ISSN: 2734-214X
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A 56-day study was conducted to determine the biochemical composition of fermented sorrel seed meal (FSSM) and its effect on the growth performance, carcass characteristics and internal organ weights of weaner rabbits. Forty (40) weaner rabbits with an average weight of 556.89 ±0.10g were randomly assigned to five treatment groups of 8 rabbits per treatment replicated four times with 2 rabbits per replicate in a completely randomized design (CRD) for eight weeks. Five experimental diets were...
Topics: carcass, fermented sorrel seed meal, growth, internal organs, weaner rabbits
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Kappa-casein as a mammalian milk protein is involved in a several important physiological processes and it’s about 80% of the total protein in cow milk. This study aimed at genotyping bovine Kappa casein (CSN3) in two indigenous Nigerian cattle populations and to determine the frequency distribution of Kappa casein variants as detected across the animals examined and their association with the body measurement. DNA was extracted from 100 blood samples of 50 White Fulani and 50 N’dama cattle...
Topics: Cattle, Genotyping, Kappa-Casein Gene, N’dama, (PCR-RFLP), White Fulani
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May 31, 2021 Open Journals of Agricultural Science (OJAS) ISSN: 2734-214X
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In recent time, the impact of macro-economic variables on agriculture has become an issue of concern in terms of securing adequate food supply for the populace. This study evaluated the implications of macro-economic variables for national food security in Nigeria. This study made use of time series data sourced from the publications of Central Bank of Nigeria Annual Reports, Statistical Bulletins and the National Bureau of Statistics spanning from 1995 to 2015. The Autoregressive Distributed...
Topics: error correction model, food security, implications, macro-economic variables, Nigeria